Skintuition Medical Aesthetics

Unveiling the Science Behind Spider Veins: Causes and Treatment Options

Spider Veins Treatment by Skintuition Medical Aesthetics In Pocatello ID


Spider veins, or telangiectasias, are tiny, enlarged blood vessels visible near the skin’s surface, commonly found on the legs and face. These web-like networks of veins, often red, blue, or purple, can be unsightly and sometimes uncomfortable. Understanding the underlying reasons behind spider veins and the treatments available enables individuals affected by this condition to make well-informed choices regarding their management.

What Causes Spider Veins?

Here are the main factors that contribute to the development of spider veins:

  • Hereditary Factors: A significant cause of spider veins is genetics. Considering a family history of spider veins increases your chances of developing them yourself. Hereditary factors influence the structure and function of your veins, making some people more prone to spider veins.
  • Aging Veins: These valves regulate blood flow by preventing it from flowing backward. When these valves fail, blood can accumulate in the veins, causing them to expand and become more noticeable as spider veins.
  • Hormonal Fluctuations: Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can extend to the development of spider veins. Additionally, the use of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy can also influence vein health. These hormonal changes can weaken vein walls and valves, making them more susceptible to dilation.
  • Occupational Risks: Jobs that require prolonged standing or sitting might put pressure on the legs’ veins. This increased strain can cause the veins to enlarge, resulting in spider veins. Occupations such as teaching, nursing, and office work are common examples where this risk is prevalent.
  • UV Radiation: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can cause spider veins, particularly on the face. UV radiation can damage the skin and underlying blood vessels, prompting them to dilate and become more noticeable.
  • Excess Weight: Carrying excess body weight places additional pressure on your leg veins. This pressure can weaken and expand the veins, resulting in spider veins. Maintaining a healthy weight can assist in mitigating this risk.
  • Trauma to the Skin: Injuries or trauma to the skin can cause blood vessels to break and form spider veins. This is more likely to happen if you have a genetic tendency or another risk factor.
  • Birth Control and Hormone Replacement Therapy: Medications that affect hormone levels can contribute to the development of spider veins. These medications can weaken the walls of the veins, making them more susceptible to becoming spider veins.
  • Underlying Health Issues: Spider veins can develop as a result of blood coagulation abnormalities or illnesses that raise abdominal pressure (such as tumors or constipation).

Spider Veins Treatment Options

Several effective treatment options are available for spider veins, each with its own benefits and considerations. The size, shape, location, and severity of the veins, as well as the individual’s overall health and preferences, all influence the treatment option chosen.

Sclerotherapy for Spider Veins

Sclerotherapy is a prominent and highly effective treatment for spider veins. This method involves a healthcare provider injecting a sclerosing solution directly into the problematic veins. The solution causes the vein’s inner lining to become irritated, leading the vein to collapse and eventually get absorbed by the body’s natural processes.

  • Procedure: The procedure is relatively quick, typically taking about 30 minutes. More than one treatment session may be necessary to obtain the desired outcome.
  • Recovery: Patients can usually resume normal activities immediately, although compression stockings may be recommended to aid healing.
  • Effectiveness: Sclerotherapy has a high success rate, with the majority of patients reporting considerable improvements in the appearance of spider veins.

Laser Therapy for Spider Veins

Laser therapy, or laser ablation, uses focused light to target and remove spider veins. The intense light generated by the laser causes the veins to collapse and eventually disappear.

  • Procedure: This non-invasive treatment involves passing a laser device over the skin’s surface. Each session lasts approximately 15-30 minutes, and multiple sessions may be required.
  • Recovery: There is little downtime; patients can usually resume their normal activities shortly after treatment.
  • Effectiveness: Laser therapy is particularly effective for small spider veins and veins in sensitive areas such as the face.

Endovenous Laser Therapy (EVLT)

Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) is a minimally invasive method in which a laser fiber is inserted directly into the afflicted vein. The laser radiation warms the vein, causing it to close and then be reabsorbed by the body.

  • Procedure: EVLT is performed under local anesthesia and takes about 45 to 60 minutes. It is most commonly used for larger veins, but can also be effective for spider veins.
  • Recovery: Patients may experience mild discomfort and bruising, but can typically return to normal activities within a day or two.
  • Effectiveness: EVLT has a high success rate and provides long-lasting results.

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)

Another minimally invasive procedure is radiofrequency ablation (RFA), which heats and closes spider veins.

  • Procedure: Similar to EVLT, RFA involves inserting a catheter into the vein. The radiofrequency energy heats the vein walls, causing them to collapse and seal shut.
  • Recovery: Patients could experience minor bruising and swelling, although healing is usually quick.
  • Effectiveness: RFA is effective for treating both spider veins and larger varicose veins, with a high success rate.

Topical Treatments

For mild cases of spider veins, topical treatments such as retinoid creams can help improve the appearance of the skin. These treatments work by promoting cell turnover and reducing the visibility of superficial veins.

  • Procedure: Topical treatments are applied directly to the skin over the affected areas.
  • Effectiveness: Results can vary, and these treatments are generally less effective than medical procedures for more severe spider veins.

Prevention and Maintenance

While treatment options can effectively reduce the appearance of spider veins, taking preventive measures can help minimize the risk of developing new ones. These include:

  • Regular Exercise: Physical activity promotes healthy blood circulation and reduces pressure on the veins.
  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Keeping a healthy weight helps reduce pressure on the leg veins.
  • Wearing Compression Stockings: These can enhance blood flow in the legs and minimize the risk of vein-related problems.
  • Avoiding Prolonged Standing or Sitting: Taking breaks to move around can help prevent blood from pooling in the veins.
  • Sun Protection: Using sunscreen and avoiding excessive sun exposure can protect the skin and prevent the formation of spider veins on the face.


Understanding the causes of spider veins and researching treatment options can help people take control of their vein health. At Skintuition Medical Aesthetics, we effectively treat spider veins with Sclerotherapy using Asclera®, a gold standard treatment that damages the blood vessel lining to remove reticular and spider veins, helping you look and feel great again. Revitalize your legs and boost your confidence with Sclerotherapy using Asclera®, the top solution for effectively eliminating spider veins and unveiling smoother, clearer skin. Contact Us Now.


Ready To Schedule Your Beauty Treatment?

We also offer free consultations.

Ready To Schedule Your Beauty Treatment?

We also offer free consultations.

Call Now Button